Persia


Persia
   Ancient kingdom situated in modern Iran. The Persian king, Cyrus the Great, overthrew the Babylonian kingdom and annexed most of western Asia, creating the largest empire then known. His son, Cambyses, conquered Egypt in 525 BC and added it to the empire. Persian rule in Egypt was unpopular, and the Persians were later accused of neglecting Egyptian religion and withdrawing temple privileges. The Persian governor or satrap was usually a member of the royal family. The Persians were expelled by Amyrtaeos in 404 BC. In 343 BC, the Persian king Artaxerxes III reconquered Egypt, driving out the last native ruler, Nakhthorheb.Alexanderthe Great put an end to Persian rule in 332 BC and was welcomed as a liberator by the Egyptians.
   See also Achaemenes; Arsames; Artaxerxes I; Artaxerxes II; Artaxerxes III; Bagoas; Darius I; Darius II; Xerxes I.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • Persia — • The history, religion, and civilization of Persia are offshoots from those of Media. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Persia     Persia      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • PERSIA — (Heb. פָּרָס, Paras), empire whose home coincided roughly with that of the province of Fars in modern Iran. Its inhabitants, calling themselves Persians, are first mentioned in Assyrian records of approximately 640 B.C.E. According to these… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Persia — Die Persia im Hafen von Aden (Postkarte) Schiffsdaten Flagge:   …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PERSIA — quae Persis Ptol. Plin. l. 6. c. 25. et Melae, l. 1. c. 2. Farstan, et Farsistan incolis, teste Castaldô, Provincia Asiae notissima atque clarissima, inter Susianam ad occasum, et Carmaniam ad ortum; atque inter Parthiam ad Boream et sinum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Persia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Extensión del Imperio Aqueménida hacia el 500 a. C …   Wikipedia Español

  • Persia —    Persia is the old name for the country now called Iran. Reza Shah Pahlavi changed the name to Iran, the land of the Aryans, in 1935. The name Persia comes from the country s southern province, Fars, from where the Achaemenids came to establish …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Persia — Persia, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 363 Housing Units (2000): 145 Land area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Persia, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 363 Housing Units (2000): 145 Land area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Persia — Persia, s. Persien 1) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Persĭa — Persĭa, gröberes und bedrucktes Jutegewebe für Decken, Portieren u. dgl …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Persia — [pʉr′zhə, pʉr′shə] [L < Gr Persais < OPers Pārsa] 1. former name for IRAN1 2. PERSIAN EMPIRE …   English World dictionary